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ISO 31000 Framework

Get compliant with ISO 31000 and simplify compliance for your organisation.

The ISO 31000 framework provides guidance on how to implement an effective risk management process. Each organisation should customise the components of the framework and how they work together to the needs of its own.

Table of Contents

5.1 General

The general part of the ISO 31000 framework provides an overview of the risk management process and defines the scope of the standard. It explains that the risk management process should be a continuous activity that is integrated into an organisation’s governance, planning, management, reporting, and decision-making processes.


The organisation should evaluate its existing risk management practices and processes, evaluate any gaps including its internal and external context, and address those gaps within the framework.


5.2 Leadership and commitment

The leadership and commitment is the central part of the framework.


This part of the framework includes:


  • Establishing a culture of risk management within the organisation.
  • Statement or policy that clearly defines a risk management approach, plan, objectives, or actions.
  • Ensure that appropriate resources are allocated to support effective risk management.
  • Assigning authority, responsibility and accountability at applicable levels within the organisation.
  • Decide the amount and type of risk that the organisation may or may not be able to take to guide the development of risk criteria. Ensure that they are communicated to the organisation and its stakeholders.

5.3 Integration

Integrating risk management relies on an understanding of organisational structures, context, and the importance of integrating the management process into an organisation’s overall management system.


The management of risk is integrated into every level and function of an organisation, and all members of the organisation bears a responsibility for identifying and managing risk.


Governance guides the course of the organisation, its external and internal relationships, and the rules, processes and practices needed to achieve its purpose.


Management structures, translate the governance direction into the strategic framework and associated goals required to achieve sustainable performance and long-term viability.


Determining the accountability and oversight roles for risk management within an organisation is an essential aspect of the organisation’s governance.


The integration of risk management is a dynamic and continuous process, which should be tailored to the needs and culture of the organisation.


Risk management should be integrated into the organisation’s purpose, governance, leadership and commitment, strategy, objectives, and operations.

5.4 Design

Understanding the organisation and its context

When defining risk, the organisation must have a clear understanding of its internal and external context.


In order to determine external context, it is essential to consider factors that emerge from the societal, technological, environmental, ethical, political, legal, and economic environment.


The internal context of your organisation refers to the environment within which you try to achieve your goals. This environment includes things such as how you manage the organisation, the contracts you have with customers, and the interests of different parties involved.


Internal context that can affect your organisation from within include; but not limited to:


  • Meeting regulatory requirements.
  • Strategies to follow your policies and achieve your goals.
  • The relationships you have with your staff and partners, as well as contractors.
  • The resources you have, including money, people, processes, and technology.
  • How much risk your organisation is willing to take.
  • The assets you own.
  • The products or services you offer.
  • Standards, guidelines, and models that your organisation uses
  • Information systems used within the organisation.

Define the organisation’s commitment to risk management.

Establishing the organisation’s dedication and obligation to identifying, assessing, and mitigating risks in order to protect its assets, reputation, and operations.


It involves outlining the approach to risk management and defining the level of priority given to risk management activities.


The commitment to risk management includes; defining roles and responsibilities, establishing policies and procedures, allocating resources, and communicating the importance of risk management throughout the organisation.

Assign risk management roles at all levels of the organisation.

Every individual in the organisation has a responsibility to manage risks within their area of work or expertise. This involves delegating risk management tasks and responsibilities to people in different roles and departments.


By assigning risk management roles at all levels, the organisation can ensure that risks are identified, assessed, and managed appropriately across the business.


This approach helps promote a risk-aware culture, where everyone understands the importance of identifying and mitigating risks, and everyone has a role to play in ensuring that the organisation is well protected.

Allocate resources to support your organisation’s risk management activities.

Considering the capabilities, and limitations of the organisation, this may include; dedicating the necessary time, money, and people to support and implement the organisation’s risk management practices.


By allocating the necessary resources, the organisation demonstrates its commitment to risk management and ensures that the necessary resources are available to identify and address potential risks effectively.

Support framework by sharing and receiving information.

Establish a communication approach, ensuring that open channels of communication exist throughout the organisation for exchanging information related to risk management.


This involves setting up a formal process for communicating and consulting risk-related information, as well as creating a culture that encourages people to share their thoughts, opinions, and concerns about risk.

5.5 Implementation

In order to implement a risk management framework, the organisation should take several steps, including creating a detailed plan that outlines necessary resources and timelines.


It is important to ensure clarity and transparency across the organisation by establishing who is responsible for making decisions, how decisions should be made, and where they should be made, regardless of the type of decision. Decision-making processes can be modified to accommodate risk management needs.


Additionally, it is essential that all members of the organisation clearly understand the risk management processes and practices and are able to apply them effectively in their work.

5.6 Evaluation

The evaluation part of the framework specifies the importance of monitoring and reviewing the risk management process to ensure that it remains effective and efficient, and of using appropriate performance indicators to measure the effectiveness of risk management.


It’s important to report risk management findings to stakeholders, and of using the results of the evaluation to inform improvements to the risk management process.

5.7 Improvement


Making changes to your organisation’s risk management framework to ensure that it remains effective and relevant over time.


Organisations may need to adapt their risk management framework in response to changes in their business environment.


Adapting the risk management framework may also be necessary if new risks emerge, or if existing risks change in severity or likelihood.


To adapt the risk management framework, organisations should start by reviewing their current framework and identifying areas that need to be updated or improved. This may involve conducting a risk assessment to identify new or changing risks, or reviewing the effectiveness of current risk treatment plans.

Continually improving

Once areas for improvement have been identified, organisations should develop and implement a plan to update the risk management framework.


The improvement part of the ISO 31000 framework focuses on how to improve the effectiveness of the risk management process.


We must use the results of the evaluation to identify opportunities for improvement, and of establishing a culture of continuous improvement within the organisation.


We must remember to communicate the results of the evaluation and improvements to stakeholders , and to ensure that the risk management process remains aligned with the organisation’s objectives, strategies, and values.


Overall, the ISO 31000 framework is designed to provide a systematic and structured approach to risk management that is tailored to the needs of individual organisations. The framework emphasises the importance of integrating risk management into all aspects of an organisation’s operations, and of establishing a culture of risk management that is supported by senior management and stakeholders.


It’s important to note that the ISO 31000 framework is designed to be flexible and adaptable, allowing organisations to tailor their risk management processes to their unique needs and circumstances.

How can Inverifi help you get ISO 31000 compliant?

Risk management tools

Risk management tool that enables you to identify, assess, and treat risks in a systematic and structured way. This tool includes risk assessments, risk registers, risk treatment plans, and risk reporting features, all of which can help your organisation to meet the requirements of ISO 31000.

Centralised document management

Inverifi provides a centralised platform for managing all your documentation, including policies, procedures, and reports. This can help you to maintain an audit trail and ensure that all documentation is up to date and easily accessible.


Inverifi provides a reporting feature that enables you to track and monitor your organisation’s risk management performance. Visual reporting of risk quantity as well as see a breakdown of the likelihood, severity and impact scores.